Control Panel (Windows)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to navigation

Jump to search

Control Panel

Control Panel (Windows)-Wikipedia

Windows Control Panel.png

Control Panel on Windows 10 Version 1709



Initial release 1985; 36 years ago (1985)

Operating system

Microsoft Windows


Control panel

The Control Panel is a component of

Microsoft Windows

that provides the ability to view and change system settings. It consists of a set of


that include adding or removing




, controlling

user accounts

, changing


options, and accessing networking settings. Additional applets are provided by third parties, such as audio and video drivers, VPN tools, input devices, and networking tools.

The Control Panel has been part of Microsoft Windows since

Windows 1.0



with each successive version introducing new applets. Beginning with

Windows 95

, the Control Panel is implemented as a

special folder

, i.e. the folder does not physically exist, but only contains


to various applets such as Add or Remove Programs and Internet Options. Physically, these applets are stored as .cpl files. For example, the Add or Remove Programs applet is stored under the name appwiz.cpl in the SYSTEM32 folder.


Windows XP

, the Control Panel home screen was changed to present a categorized navigation structure reminiscent of navigating a

web page

. Users can switch between this Category View and the grid-based Classic View through an option that appears on either the left side or top of the window. In

Windows Vista


Windows 7

, additional layers of navigation were introduced, and the Control Panel window itself became the main interface for editing settings, as opposed to launching separate dialogs.

Many of the individual Control Panel applets can be accessed in other ways. For instance, Display Properties can be accessed by right-clicking on an empty area of the desktop and choosing Properties. The Control Panel can be accessed from a command prompt by typing control; optional parameters are available to open specific control panels.



Windows 10

, Control Panel is deprecated in favor of

Settings app

, which was originally introduced on

Windows 8

as “PC settings” to provide a touchscreen-optimized settings area using its

Metro-style app

platform. Some functions, particularly the ability to add and remove user accounts, were moved exclusively to this app on Windows 8 and cannot be performed from Control Panel.



As of the October 2020 update to Windows 10 trying to open the System page of Control Panel will redirect users to the Windows 10 Settings application.

Microsoft have also blocked shortcuts and third party applications that could have been used to get into the retired System page.

List of Control Panel applets[



The applets listed below are components of the

Microsoft Windows

control panel, which allows users to define a range of settings for their


, monitor the status of devices such as printers and modems, and set up new






connections. Each applet is stored individually as a separate file (usually a .cpl file), folder or


, the locations of which are stored in the


under the following keys:

  1. HKLMSOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionControl PanelCpls
    This contains the string format locations of all .cpl files on the hard drive used within the control panel.
  2. HKLMSOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerControlPanelNamespace
    This contains the location of the


    variables for all the panels not included as cpl files. These are commonly folders or shell applets, though

    Windows Vista

    allows physical programs themselves to be registered as well. The CLSID then allows items such as the icon, infobox and category to be set and gives the location of the file to be used.

The control panel then uses these lists to locate the applets and load them into the control panel program (control.exe) when started by the user. In addition to using the control panel, a user can also invoke the applets manually via the

command processor

. For instance, the syntax “Control.exe inetcpl.cpl” or “control.exe /name Microsoft.InternetOptions” will run the internet properties applet in Windows XP or Vista respectively. While both syntax examples are accepted on Windows Vista, only the former one is accepted on Windows XP.


Xem thêm: Cách đổi mật khẩu wifi Viettel trên mọi dòng modem thịnh hành

Standard applets[



Accessibility options (Access.cpl) (control /name microsoft.easeofaccesscenter)
(Renamed “Ease of Access Center” in Windows Vista and later)
Allows users to configure the accessibility of their PC. It comprises various settings primarily aimed at users with disabilities or hardware problems.

  • The behavior of the


    can be modified, this is aimed at people who have difficulty pressing key-combinations, or pressing a key just once. (




    and ToggleKeys)

  • Behavior of sounds can be modified. (SoundSentry and ShowSounds)
  • High contrast mode can be activated.
  • The keyboard


    can be customized.

  • The


    can be controlled using the keyboard. (



Note that in the next generation of Windows, the

Ease of Access

control panel superseded the simple access.cpl control panel in previous versions.

Add New Hardware (hdwwiz.cpl)
Launches a


which allows users to add new hardware devices to the system. This can be done by selecting from a list of devices or by specifying the location of the driver



Add or Remove Programs (appwiz.cpl)
(Renamed “Programs and Features” in Windows Vista and later)
The Add/Remove Programs dialog allows the user to manipulate


installed on the system in a number of ways;

  • Allows users to uninstall and change existing software packages, as well as indicating how much space individual programs take and how frequently they are used.
  • Allows users to manually install software from a



    Floppy Disk

    , and install add-ons from Windows Update.

  • Allows users to change which Windows components are installed, via the Windows setup Wizard, which includes

    Internet Explorer


    Windows Media Player


    Windows Messenger

  • Finally, it allows users to specify the default applications for certain tasks, via the ‘set program access and defaults’ wizard, such as internet browsers, media players and email programs and whether access to these programs is available (since

    Windows 2000 Professional

    Service Pack 3 and

    Windows XP

    Service Pack 1)

Administrative Tools (control admintools)
Contains tools for system administration, including security, performance and service configuration. These are


to various configurations of the

Microsoft Management Console

such as the

local services list

and the

Event Viewer


Automatic Updates (wuaucpl.cpl)
This is used to specify how the

Automatic Updates

client (wuauclt.exe) should download updates from the

Microsoft Update Website

, by default this is set to




daily, however this can be changed to a more suitable frequency. This also allows the user to specify whether to ask permission before downloading and/or installing updates or to simply switch off Automatic Updates altogether. Removed in

Windows 10

Date and Time (timedate.cpl)
Allows user to change the date and time stored in the machine’s


, change the

time zone

and specify whether to synchronize the date and time with an

Internet Time Server

and which


to use.

Display (control desktop) (desk.cpl)

(Renamed “Personalization” in Windows Vista, 7 and 8.1)

Allows the user to change the display characteristics of their computer;

  • Allows users to change the

    desktop background (wallpaper)

    to a picture of their choice and specifies how it should be shown.

  • Allows the user to change or disable the


    , and specify how long it takes to activate and whether to ask for a


    on resume

  • Allows the user to specify the color styles of all elements within the system, primarily whether to use the

    Windows XP



    styles (blue by default in XP) or to use the classic

    Windows 98



    styles, this also allows the user to change the My Computer and

    Recycle Bin


  • Allows the user to change the

    screen resolution

    and colour quality, and provides trouble shooting advice for displays.

Removed in

Windows 10

and moved to

Settings App


Folder Options (control folders) (rundll32.exe shell32.dll, Options_RunDLL 0)
This item allows for configuration of how




are presented in

Windows Explorer

. More specifically it allows the user to specify general settings like whether folders open in a new window or the existing window and whether the common tasks pane is shown, as well as more advanced tasks such as whether windows should hide critical system files and whether to show file extensions. It is also used to modify file type associations in


; i.e., which program opens which type of file and other settings like actions for each file type and the file extension.

Fonts (control fonts)
Displays all


installed on the computer. Users can remove fonts, install new fonts or search for fonts using font characteristics. Note that “explorer WindowsFonts” has the same effect. This still exists on Windows 10, but there is a similar page in


starting from Windows 10 April Update.

Internet Options (inetcpl.cpl)
Allows the user to change the way the computer manages internet connections and


settings for

Internet Explorer

, it has several tags specifying different attributes;

  • General – This specifies the


    and color schemes and allows the user to delete internet usage history.

  • Security & Privacy – These specify whether the computer should allow


    to undertake certain


    and download


    , this panel also gives access to the inbuilt


    blocker (

    Windows XP SP2

    and later) and the


    controls (

    Internet Explorer 7


  • Content – Allows the parental controls and auto-complete to be configured and also specifies how to deal with



  • Connections, Programs and Advanced – These give access to other aspects of internet settings such as the default


    connection and




    settings and other advanced configurations.

Game controllers (joy.cpl) (control /name microsoft.gamecontrollers)
Allows one to add, display, troubleshoot, and use advanced settings on joysticks and game controllers and connect to other type of game controllers.

Moved to Settings app on Windows 10 Anniversary Update.

Keyboard (control keyboard) (main.cpl)
Lets the user change and test keyboard settings, including cursor blink rate and key repeat rate.
Mail (mlcfg32.cpl) (mlcfg.cpl)
Mail allows for configuration of the


client in Windows.

Microsoft Outlook Express

cannot be configured with this item; it is configured through its own interface. mlcfg.cpl is used for 64 bit office applications first available with the Office 2010 release.

Mouse (control mouse) (main.cpl)
Mouse allows the configuration of pointer options, such as the double click and scroll speed, and includes visibility options such as whether to use

pointer trails

and whether the pointer should disappear when typing. This also allows the user to specify the pointer appearance for each task, such as resize and busy.

Network Connections (control netconnections) (ncpa.cpl)
Displays and allows the user to edit or create


connections such as

Local Area Networks (LAN)



connections. It also offers troubleshooting functions in case the computer has to be reconnected to the network.

Phone and Modem Options (telephon.cpl)





Power Options (powercfg.cpl)
Includes options to manage energy consumption such as;

  • Specify how long it takes to switch off the display and

    hard drives

    and how long it takes for the system to enter


    , if at all.

  • To decide what to do when the computer’s on/off


    is pressed, such as whether to shut down or to enter standby.

  • Whether to allow


    (some systems become unstable when restarting).

  • Allows the user to configure


    (if available).

  • Since Windows Vista, additional hidden power options are available for fine tuning power features.
Printers and Faxes (control printers) (control /name microsoft.devicesandprinters)
Displays all the




currently installed on the computer, and has two main uses;

  • Firstly, it shows all the jobs queued for each printer, the

    file size

    and status of each job and which user they belong to, it also allows each job to be paused, canceled or moved up or down the list.

  • Secondly, it allows the user to set the printing or faxing preferences, such as paper size and quality via the manufacturers own preferences pane and also specifies how to share the printer across a

    computer network

    , the

    device drivers




Regional and Language Settings (intl.cpl) aka Regional and Language Options
Various regional settings can be altered, for instance:

  • The way numbers are displayed (e.g.

    decimal separator


  • How


    values are displayed, including the

    currency symbol


  • Time and date notations, such as the date separator and whether the clock should be in 12 or 24 hours.
  • Cultural location of the user’s computer (The time zone is set in

    Date and Time


  • Language;
    • Input language.
    • Keyboard layout (mapping between key strokes and characters).
    • Display language for



      Dialog Boxes


  • Whether files necessary for Asiatic language support must be installed.
  • Installed

    code pages


Removed in Windows 10 April Update

Security Center or Action Center (Windows 7 & 8.x) (wscui.cpl)
Renamed “Security & Maintenance” in Windows 10
First added in Windows XP with Service Pack 2, Security Center gives the user access to the inbuilt


security components, as well as providing information about any existing antivirus software such as



Zone Alarm

. It includes access to

Windows Update

, where users can specify whether the computer should check for updates regularly (also available through the Windows Update panel), and options for managing internet security settings. It also includes links to internet articles about PC security and current


threats and notifies the user when the PC’s security is compromised.

Sounds and Audio Devices (mmsys.cpl)
This panel contains various audio-related functions;

  • Change the speaker volume and type and specify whether to show the volume icon in the notification area.
  • Change the sounds played for the system or specific programs when a certain event occurs, i.e. Windows Startup or Critical Stop.
  • Change default devices for music playback, recording, voice recognition,



  • Change the

    Sound card

    settings and whether to use

    Hardware acceleration


  • Display the audio devices installed on the computer, and allows them to be configured.
Speech (Sapi.cpl)
This applet has two main functions, the first is specify settings for

Speech synthesis

, allowing the user to select the voice the computer should use to


text and how fast it should read. The second is to specify settings for

Speech recognition

, allowing the user to set up different profiles detailing how the computer should deal with an individual’s dialect, for instance;

  • The amount of grammatical errors in a person’s voice (punctuality sensitivity).
  • The speed at which the person speaks, and the time delay between words.

This also allows the user to access the voice recognition training wizard, in which an individual ‘teaches’ the computer to recognize a person voice interactively using the microphone.

System (Sysdm.cpl)
This is used to view and change core system settings, a user can for instance:

  • Display general information on the user’s machine such as the amount of




    speed and type, the version of


    the system is using and the manufacturer.

  • Edit the computer name in a network



  • Manage and Configure hardware devices, and view information such as the manufacturer, user access and driver version of any hardware device installed on the system via

    Device Manager


  • Enable/Disable system features such as automatic updates and System restore monitoring.
  • Specify advanced features such as performance logs, virtual memory settings and roaming profiles.

Moved to

Settings App


Windows 10

, but the shortcut still exists. Clicking on it goes to

Settings App


Taskbar and Start Menu (rundll32.exe shell32.dll, Options_RunDLL 1)
Allows the user to change the behavior and appearance of the

task bar


Start Menu


  • Specifies whether to use Windows XP/Vista or Classic




    styles on the taskbar and start menu.

  • Whether the taskbar should Auto-Hide.
  • Whether to show the clock in the

    notification area


  • Allows the user to manage the tray icons.
  • Advanced options such as whether to show Printers & Faxes in the start menu and whether to display

    My Documents

    as a menu or as a link to a new window.

Moved to

Settings App


Windows 10

, but the shortcut still exists. Clicking on it goes to

Settings App


User Accounts (nusrmgr.cpl)
This allows the user to configure their account and other


used in the system, should they have sufficient privileges. They can change their




, their picture (if enabled) and their

.net passport

. If the current user has an


account they can also add, delete and modify other user accounts as well as make changes to core system settings. This panel also specifies whether the guest account should be active and whether to use the Welcome screen while



Peripheral devices[



These are options in the control panel that show devices connected to the computer. They do not actually offer a direct interface to control these devices, but rather offer basic tasks such as removal procedures and links to wizards (Printers & faxes is the exception).

Such applets include:

  • Scanners and Cameras
  • Game Controllers
  • Portable Media Devices

and it can be helpful to monitor

Xem thêm: Enable or disable SELinux-Best Practices

Other Microsoft-distributed applets[



Biometric Devices (biocpl.dll)
Available with Fingerprint enabled systems running 7 or later, this enables users to configure a Fingerprint reader, showing a list of all Biometric devices interacting with the system, in addition to the following items;

  • Allowing users to change fingerprint data.
  • Allowing users to change behaviour on fingerprint detected.

Moved to



Windows 10


Bluetooth Devices (bthprops.cpl)
Available with


enabled systems running XP SP2 or later, this enables users to configure a Bluetooth connection, showing a list of all Bluetooth devices interacting with the system, in addition to the following items;

  • Allowing users to create incoming and outgoing ‘virtual’ COM Ports, which allow devices to have dedicated connections to the system.
  • Allowing users to specify general Bluetooth characteristics such as whether the computer is discoverable and the computer’s name which is broadcast.

Moved to



Windows 10


Color (color.cpl)
Enables a more advanced control of color settings within


than is available in ‘display’, suitable for developers and visual specialists it allows users to create and load

International Color Consortium

compliant color profiles, associate screen color with printers and cameras and view a 3D graphics plot of the color


. By default this applet is not installed, however it can be installed for free from the

Microsoft Website


Infrared (irprops.cpl)
Similar to the Bluetooth applet, this is used to configure how the computer manages any wireless


ports installed, including options such as connectivity and security.

Location and Other Sensors (SensorsCpl.dll)
Manages Location based data like addresses and other location based sensors. Available in Windows 7 & 8.x only.
CSNW (nwc.cpl)
The Client Service for NetWare applet is used to select a default tree and context in a

Novell Directory Services

(NDS) environment, or the


server used most frequently in a non-NDS environment.

Requirement: Installing the Client Service for NetWare.

Software Explorers
Part of

Windows Defender

, allows users to view detailed information about software that is currently running on the computer that can affect the users’ privacy or the security of the computer.

Replaced by

Windows Defender Security Center


Windows 10


Third-party applets[



Third-party software vendors have released many applets. Although it is impossible to mention all of them, some of them are listed here:

Icon File name Description
AC3 Filter ac3filter.cpl Configures speaker configuration and other parameters of the


decoder filter.

Adobe Gamma Adobe Gamma.cpl For altering the screen display with

Adobe Systems

Imaging Software such as



Adobe Version Cue CS2 VersionCueCS2.cpl To configure Adobe Version Cue.
Application paths apppaths.cpl Sets application paths, start-up commands and system services, coded by Gregory Braun.
ATI DVD Player QISWCINE.CPL Changes setings for your DVD decoding.
AudioHQ AudHQ.cpl Creative Labs Soundblaster Audio HQ.
Autodesk Plotter Manager plotman.cpl Adds, remove and changes plotters properties for



AvantGo Connect agcpl.cpl Synchronizes mobile versions (called “channels”) of websites to a




, see



Avira AntiVir PersonalEdition avconfig.cpl Configures


Antivirus program.

BACKPACK Finder bpcpl.cpl To configure the Micro Solutions BackPack CD driver.
BDE Administrator bdeadmin.cpl To configure the


Database Engine.

Boot Camp Control Panel Setting for

Mac OS X

based computers.

Broadcom Advanced Control Suite BACSCPL.cpl Enables Broadcom network cards testing and diagnostics.
CD/DVD Drive Acoustic Silencer TOSCDSPD.cpl Configures the rotation speed of CD/DVD drive. (Toshiba )
ClearCase cc.cpl To configure

IBM Rational ClearCase


Color Settings 3dcc.cpl Changes the look and feel of Windows.
Compaq Diagnostics cpqdiag.cpl To view information a computer’s hardware and software configuration, legacy application.
Control Panel controlp.cpl Control Panel Customization Toy, coded by Ali Lokhandwala.
Control Version System cvsnt.cpl Control Panel Customization Toy, by Brian Berliner. david d ‘zoo’ zuhn, Jeff Polk, Tony Hoyle
Creative Element Power Tools To configure Creative Element Power Tools, a free-to-try program providing access to additional Windows tools.
Corel Versions verscpl.cpl Configures



DANS danetsvc.cpl Configures the Shaffer Solutions DiskAccess Network Services,


client for Windows.

Diagnostics for Windows cpqdiag.cpl HP Diagnostics for Windows 4.15 replaces Compaq
Digidesign ElevenRack DigidesignElevenRackControlPanelApplet.cpl Launch Eleven Rack Control Panel
DiskAccess dacfg.cpl Configures how the Shaffer Solutions DiskAccess makes connections to remote NFS servers.
DS18x Applet DS18xCPL.cpl

MR Soft

DS18x Temperature Logging Service.

Flash Player FlashPlayerCPLApp.cpl For changing settings for the Flash Player.
Folder size FolderSize.cpl Folder Size for Windows shows the size of folders in Windows Explorer.
FirebirdSQL Service Manager fmmgr.cpl Configures

Firebird (database server)

service options.

HP Jetadmin jetadmin.cpl

HP Jetadmin

configures and monitors



HP Lock Hplock.cpl A Windows 95 utility to lock the PC keyboard, mouse and on/off switch in one click on legacy

HP Vectra


IconPackager ipcpl.cpl To customize Windows icons and cursors, see



ImDisk Virtual Disk Driver imdisk.cpl Administration of ImDisk Virtual Disk Driver.
InstallShield Update Manager isuspm.cpl The InstallShield Update Manager allows users to receive program updates and messages from software makers who use the service.
Intel Extreme Graphics igfxcpl.cpl To change advanced settings on systems using




Intel Product Improvement Program executable Installed with Intel Driver Update Utility version 2.4 (on Vista and up)
IP Office Voicemail Pro ims.cpl To configure


IP Office



Java jpicpl32.cpl For changing settings with

Java Runtime Console


JInitiator 1.x.y.z plugincpl1xyz.cpl To configure


‘s JInitiator, note x.y.z are version numbers.

MSConfig MSConfig.cpl Launches the Microsoft

System Configuration Utility


Multi-finger ETDUI.cpl Customize the Smart-Pad Multi-finger Setting.
MultiSite ms.cpl To configure

IBM Rational ClearCase


Nero BurnRights NeroBurnRights.cpl For specifying who is allowed to use the CD burner with



nVIDIA Control panel nvidia.cpl To change advanced settings on systems using




Panda Media Booster PMB.cpl Panda Media Booster cache and network settings.
Parallel Port Joysticks PPjoy.cpl Configures Joysticks connected on the Parallel Port.
Pointer Devices tbctlpnl.cpl To configure the Touch-Base Universal Pointer Device Driver (UPDD).
QuickTime quicktime.cpl For specifying settings of the

Apple QuickTime Player


RealPlayer prefscpl.cpl To configure the


preferences, older versions.

Realtek AC97 Audio Control Panel alsndmgr.cpl To configure the


audio controller.

Realtek HD-Audio Manager RTSnMg64.cpl To launch the Realtek HD-Audio Manager
RESTrick Control Panel rest2.cpl Windows Tuning and system restrictions setup, by Rtsecurity.
Safarp safarp.cpl


is a small and fast alternative to the Add or Remove Programs applet.

ScrewDrivers Client sdclient.cpl From


, remote desktop print management solution.

Send To Toys sendtotoys.cpl To configure the Send To right click system menu in

Microsoft Windows


Services and Devices pserv.cpl From p-nand-q to manage Windows services and devices and uninstall applications.
Softex OmniPass scurecpl.cpl Softex OmniPass provides password management capabilities to MS Windows.
SNTP Service sntpserv.cpl From Dillobits Software, to manage the


client service.

Soundscape scurecpl.cpl Adds, removes or changes settings of Soundscape devices.
Startup startup.cpl Control programs that run at system start-up, coded by Mike Lin.
Startup Disk Startup Disk.cpl Boot Camp drivers, when Windows runs on a Mac OS virtual machine.
Symantec LiveUpdate s32lucp2.cpl Configures the

Symantec LiveUpdate

update service.

System Change Log scl.cpl From

Greyware Automation Products

, monitors disks for changes and records a detailed log.

System Information Sancpl.cpl Launches


Sandra utility.

System Info for Windows siw.cpl Launches the



Trust-No-Exe trustnoexe.cpl Configures the Beyond Logic Trust-No-Exe executable filter.
VMware Tools VMControlPanel.cpl To configure



WIBU-KEY wibuke32.cpl To configure the WIBU-KEY Software Protection.
Winlogos wnlgo.cpl To change the Windows start-up and shutdown screens in Windows 98 or ME, coded by Ali Lokhandwala.
X-Setup Pro xqdcXSPApplet.cpl Launches X-Setup Pro, a Windows tweaker application.

Xem thêm: Cách chụp ảnh màn hình máy tính PC & Laptop 2021 [Đầy Đủ]




.mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em;list-style-type:decimal}.mw-parser-output .reflist .references{font-size:100%;margin-bottom:0;list-style-type:inherit}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns-2{column-width:30em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns-3{column-width:25em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns{margin-top:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns ol{margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns li{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .reflist-upper-alpha{list-style-type:upper-alpha}.mw-parser-output .reflist-upper-roman{list-style-type:upper-roman}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-alpha{list-style-type:lower-alpha}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-greek{list-style-type:lower-greek}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-roman{list-style-type:lower-roman}

  1. ^

    .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url(“//”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url(“//”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}

    “A history of Windows”

    . Windows.


    . Archived from

    the original

    on November 17, 2010.

  2. ^

    “Accessing the Control Panel via the Commandline”

    . Microsoft. August 29, 2011.

  3. ^

    Bradley, Tony (July 6, 2012).

    “Adding and Managing Users in Windows 8”


    PC World



    . Retrieved September 20, 2015.

  4. ^

    Bright, Peter (March 25, 2013).

    “Windows Blue leaks: More Metro, more multitasking”


    Ars Technica


    Condé Nast

    . Retrieved January 20, 2014.

  5. ^

    “How to run Control Panel tools by typing a command”

    . Support.


    . Retrieved February 26, 2014.

External links[



  • How to run Control Panel tools by typing a command


Retrieved from “

Chuyên mục: Hỏi đáp